Giles Puckett's programs
Tube MiterDownload Giles Puckett tube miter program and source code (MS VC6) as seen on the IHPVA site under tools
A tube mitering program for Windows to print on any printer. The other one is a Hypercard application for Macintosh, and once I dug up a Mac and a PostScript printer, it was very useful. However, it doesn't take wall thickness into account, which is important when doing small angles or equal sized tubes. It can also deal with tubes meeting larger ones such that the centrelines are offset.
My program also deals in metric units.
File/Settings... puts up a dialog box. You input:
It paints the picture on the window, and File/Print... prints it on any connected printer.
There are two curves - the dotted one is the template you would cut if the wall thickness were zero (similar to the HyperCard program's output) and the solid curve is the template corresponding to the requested wall thickness.
If the mitered tube diameter is greater than the second diameter, then the second tube passes through two holes in the mitered tube. This situation is handled by continuing the template on the other side. Small gaps may appear in the curves; this is a known "feature" of the way the program works.
(v1.1, July 2002, by Giles Puckett)
This program lets you generate a sprocket of any size, round or elliptical, with any PCD. I wrote this because I ran out of patterns from my old program of many years ago, and needed some more. Also, there has been a steady demand for them.
You can make nice chainrings for old non-standard crank spiders, or experiment with elliptical chainrings. Biopace chainrings are close to ellipses with a small eccentricity of about 10% (greater for smaller tooth counts)
There are only two menu items:
File/Settings... brings up a dialog box to allow you to change things:
Default values are pre-loaded, and you are prevented from inputting silly values that send the numerical algorithms berserk. You can't save a sprocket, but there's so little to save that it isn't really required. Everything is metric, but this shouldn't present a problem for the inchfooters, since crank spiders are all metric anyway.
File/Print... lets you print the pattern over one or more pages. If more than one page is printed, there is about 15mm of overlap and registration lines are printed in the area of overlap. This is to allow you to line up the patterns exactly, as all but the smallest sprockets will fall over onto at least two portrait A4 or Letter pages. If you have an A3 printer or a plotter, so much the better (I haven't tried it with a plotter, but it makes standard GDI line drawing calls, so should work)
Making the Sprocket
Use spray adhesive to glue it onto a sheet of 2mm or 2.5mm (3/32") aluminium. The thicker size is better for strength but you will have to thin out the teeth more, unless the sprocket is for non-derailleur (1/8") chain. It's good to glue a sheet of blank paper on the other side of the metal to protect it from scratching.
Center punch the holes for the teeth on the dots, and the mounting holes on the PCD of your crank.
The holes should be drilled first with a small drill to ensure they stay on center. Then drill with an 8mm (5/16") drill. Cut through the outside of all the holes with a jigsaw leaving as much "meat" as possible on the teeth. Cut out the inside area in the pretty pattern of your choice, leaving enough metal for strength around the mounting holes. The scallops the program generates are a guide; the web that is left is variable in the program.
Then the slow part: filing off all the teeth! They need to be thinned somewhat too, especially if you are using 2.5mm sheet. Have a piece of NEW chain handy to check. It should roll on and off the teeth easily without sticking, in the absence of lubrication. With practice it goes quite fast, and you don't need to worry too much about taking too much metal off, within reason. It takes a couple of hours to make a 60T sprocket and it's good exercise :-)
If you put the sprocket onto the crank and turn it with the pedal you can thin the teeth with a file held in the other hand, and put points on them (the poor man's lathe). Other ideas, which I have found to work quite well, are to do a Hyperglide by thinning the teeth unevenly, or to remove every 4th or 5th tooth on all but the smallest sprocket. This helps shifting, especially if your tooth range is large. I have 44-56-68T on my trike with a 12-32 rear cluster.